Having a high blood pressure most of the time does not present with symptoms, but if this goes untreated it can have devastating effects on your health, from heart attacks to strokes. This is why it is important to control your blood pressure, especially as we get older.

How is blood pressure measured?

Blood pressure is measured in mmHG (The units used) and is given in 2 figures:

  • SYSTOLIC PRESSURE – This is the pressure your heart pushes out blood.
  • DIASTOLIC PRESSURE – This is when your heart rests between beats.

For example 120/80, means it has a systolic pressure of 120 and diastolic pressure of 80.

How can I monitor my blood pressure?

The best way is to have it checked at a medical center at least once a month and if the doctor considers it necessary keeping a daily check on it at home with a self-monitoring automatic blood pressure monitor.

Here is an example of how to keep a record:

DateTime 1 :  09:00Time 2: 15:00Time 3:  21:00

Remember to check the blood pressure 3 times per day and always at the same time.

Sit down for 10 minutes in an upright position, extend the arm out and rest it on a cushion at the heart level before taking the blood pressure.

When do I have high blood pressure?

High blood pressure is normally considered when it is over 140/90.

Things that can make our blood pressure high:

  • Being overweight
  • Eating too much salt
  • Not eating enough fruit and vegetables
  • Not doing exercise
  • Drinking too much coffee or alcohol
  • Older age

How is high blood pressure treated?

Firstly lifestyle changes are the base of any treatment for blood pressure. If alone these lifestyle changes are not sufficient then medication can be used.

If you think you may have high blood pressure please consult with us at the Nerja Medical Center where we will be happy to help you.

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